Coffee is the fruit of a tree: the canefora.
This endemic tree in Ethiopia is now cultivated throughout the tropical belt.
Two species of Canephora produce the cherries suitable for supplying coffee seeds: C. arabica and C. robusta.
Arabica in figures:
75% of world coffee production.
This tree grows in tropical latitudes and at an altitude between 1000 and 2500 m.
Three main branches : the Typica, the Bourbon and the Heirloom.
In each branch : 10 to 15 varieties: Geisha, Caturra, Pointed Bourbon, Maragogype....etc.
The caffeine level is between 1 and 1.5%, Arabica being low caffeinated vs Robusta but very aromatic.
Indeed, there are up to 800 different aromas in Arabica, in comparison there are only 550 identified in wine!
More details and information to come!
Good tasting !